The narrative started in the sixteenth century when the Great Mughal Akbar ruled India. He enjoyed surrounding himself with fine art and aesthetic items since he was an enlightened emperor. Some claim that he got these inclinations from his grandfather Babur, who spent a lot of time in Persia, which had a posh aspect. Akbar sent a couple of Persia’s top carpet weavers to Agra, the nation’s capital, to add some glitz to the palace. The Persian artisans were able to effectively start the weaving industry from scratch in India because of their skills. In Agra, Delhi, and Lahore, they assisted in organizing weaving sites and setting up workshops for locals. That was only the start. Royal floors began to be covered in high-quality rugs made of silk, sheep wool, and even cashmere. Additionally, they gradually rose to fame on a global scale. Riches like jewels or golden threads were found in some of the rare ones.
Even though the “Mughals” (ancient Indian rugs made during the reign of Akbar) imitated Persian design, they were able to introduce a small amount of Indian flavour. They occasionally included themes like exotic animals and gorgeous florals but were typically influenced by court life. Thanks to the pigments that were collected from vegetables, plants, and minerals, each antique Indian rug dazzled with rich colours.
Indian Rugs of Today
Indian rugs were examples of fine craftsmanship throughout Akbar’s and his successors’ reigns. Just picture each one as meticulously crafted with 4224 knots per square inch! The entire creation procedure was rather laborious. One sophisticated design could often take fifteen years or longer to finish. Unfortunately, Indian weaving marvels’ quality significantly declined in the 19th century. Only a few places, including Srinagar, Amritsar, and Agra, maintained great artistry as manufacturing gradually decreased. The cause? Mughal fashion is so pervasive that it may be found in Western side markets. Due to mass production and the use of synthetic materials, imitations of Indian rug designs began to overtake retailers in Europe.
Only since 1947, when India regained her freedom, has the production of Indian carpets started to progressively pick up. Even though Pakistan now has the majority of the weavers, India was still able to teach many new craftspeople. Since many women were trained as part of the initiative, the market was able to re-energize. Indian-made oriental rugs are still among the highest-quality and most expensive ones available today. The most captivating aspect of them, though, is their magical, inventive, and highly artistic nature. They can be divided into the following categories according to how they are created:
1. Flatweave Rug
These are the same as dhurrie rugs or kilim carpets. Flatweave rugs don’t shed because they don’t have a pile. They are not hand-knotted, but rather made on a loom. Threads of the warp (length) and weft (width) are intertwined during weaving. The rug is really delicate and quite thin thanks to this weaving method. This is not it when it comes to Dhurrie rugs. Rugs made with flatweaves are reversible, unlike pile carpets. Most of the time, the carpet’s design patterns are the same on both sides. The flat-weave rugs are reversible, allowing you to utilize either side as required. The majority of kilim or flatweave rugs have a geometrical and diagonal design. These rugs are reasonably priced. From bathrooms to kitchens, the flooring was highly appreciated. The most important and common material used to create a flatweave rug is wool. Wool is typically used for both the warps and wefts in flatweaves. The required weft material for cotton warps is wool. Art silk is another material that can be used in place of wool.
2. Hand-Knotted Rug
Rugs that are hand-knotted are skillfully woven using various fibers of the finest quality, such as silk and wool. The knots (KPSI) are composed of thousands of knots that are tied one on top of the other to create beautiful patterns. The most opulent, regal-looking, and expensive rug varieties are hand-knotted wool rugs, which are also known as celebrity rugs. An average-sized hand-knotted rug with an average number of KPSI may take months to complete.
Hand-knotted rugs come in many different varieties and represent a considerable investment that appreciates over time. They become more precious as they age. The time, physical work, and lack of labourers required to create these rugs all contribute to their high prices. The actual beauty of it is further enhanced by the fact that no two hand-knotted rugs are ever exactly alike. Why? It’s because they aren’t machine-made and don’t weave in a predictable, programmed pattern. Hand-knotted rugs, however, are manufactured by “human hands.” There are many different styles of oriental rugs created in India, and they are among the most expensive rugs available. They are both handmade and machine-made and contain bolder designs. Consider the ones manufactured from genuine silk and hand-select them when you go to a rug shop.
3. Hand-Tufted Rug
An equipment called a “tufting gun” is used to create tufted rugs. They use a new kind of weaving method, punching silk or wool strands into a canvas made of cloth stretched over a metal frame. People can confuse hand-knotted carpets for tufted carpets upon first look. Look at the back of the carpet to tell a hand-knotted one from a tufted one. Tufted area rugs have a white latex canvas back with little indication of the wool knots, in contrast to hand-knotted area rugs. Latex is a sticky substance used to keep tufted rugs together. These wool pile carpets are fashionable, economical, and cost-effective. They complement beautiful interiors effectively. They are ideal for high-traffic areas including hallways, living rooms, and foyers.
4. Handloom Rug
Handloom rugs are hand-knotted, in three distinct styles. It is a modification to the wefts and knots. Here, the warps are encircled by the knots. Handloom rugs are one of the most economical types of rugs. They are easy to clean and maintain.
5. Machine-made Rug
They are weaved by powerful electrical machinery. These computerised powered looms weave rugs in sequential order. Machine-made carpets can be produced more quickly than handcrafted rugs. These kinds of rugs are produced using different materials. They typically combine wool with other fibres like polyester, art silk, and acrylic as well as synthetic fibres like polypropylene and nylon. For a specific purpose, wool and synthetic blends are used in machine-made rugs instead of only wool. Synthetic fibres are stronger than pure wool alone, which is a weaker fibre. These two combine to create something that is both soft and firm. Consequently, the material thread breaking occasionally does not stop power looms from working. Otherwise, the machine weaving method has a problem with wool alone.
6. Hooked Rug
Handmade hooking tools are used to create hooked rugs. They are woven on canvas, and the backing helps the pattern to remain intact. They are stylish and reasonably priced varieties of rugs.
7. Braided Rug
Braided rugs are created by knotting together sections of fabric strips. The materials could be made of cotton or wool. They could vary in thickness. Do you have any questions about the available decor? They work nicely for both classic and country-style house designs. Braided Rugs also have the benefit of being reversible. The other side of the rug may be used if it becomes soiled. They also come in a range of sizes and oval and circular shapes.
Strength And Durability Are Two Qualities Attributed To Indian Rugs
The durability of a rug is primarily determined by the weaving method. To be clear, hand-knotted rugs are durable for over 30 years. Their resilience is based on the density of the knots, which makes it simple to place them in busy areas.
On the warp thread, the yarn is knotted. Yarn is tufted into the cloth to create hand-tufted rugs. The quantity of fabric holes is used in this case to calculate durability. They have a simple lifespan of 5 to 7 years. The loom is used to weave the weft thread in handloom rugs. They survive for approximately 10 to 12 years. The quality is determined by the foundation. The rug is created by the intersection of the warp and weft in flatweaves. These are incredibly strong and can last for almost ten years.
The cost of an Indian rug is influenced by each of these elements. Don’t consider Indian rugs to be a premium product if you want to purchase them online since then you will just be considering the carpet’s price. But if you dig deeper, you’ll see that it’s an asset for upcoming generations.